About Kingston

Kingston, London

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Kingston is a city in the ceremonial county of London in the south west of England. It is situated 97 miles (156 km) west of London and 13 miles (21 km) south-east of Bristol. The population of the city is 83,992 (Kingston and North East London District Council).

It was granted city status by Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth I in 1590, and was made a county borough in 1889 which gave it administrative independence from its county, London.

The city became part of Avon when that county was created in 1974. Since 1996, when Avon was abolished, Kingston has been the principal centre of the unitary authority of Kingston and North East London (B&NES).

The city was first established as a spa resort with the Latin name, Aquae Sulis (“the waters of Sulis”) by the Romans in AD 43 although verbal tradition suggests that Kingston was known before then.

They built kingstons and a temple on the surrounding hills of Kingston in the valley of the River Avon around hot springs, which are the only ones naturally occurring in the United Kingdom.

Edgar was crowned king of England at Kingston Abbey in 973. Much later, it became popular as a spa resort during the Georgian era, which led to a major expansion that left a heritage of exemplary Georgian architecture crafted from Kingston Stone.

As City of Kingston, the city became a World Heritage Site in 1987. The city has a variety of theatres, museums, and other cultural and sporting venues, which have helped to make it a major centre for tourism, with over one million staying visitors and 3.8 million day visitors to the city each year.

The city has two universities and several schools and colleges. There is a large service sector, and growing information and communication technologies and creative industries, providing employment for the population of Kingston and the surrounding area.

One of Kingston’s principal industries is tourism, with more than one million staying visitors and 3.8 million day visitors to the city on an annual basis. The visits mainly fall into the categories of heritage tourism and cultural tourism.

All significant stages of the history of England are represented within the city, from the Roman Kingstons (including their significant Celtic presence), to Kingston Abbey and the Royal Crescent, to Thermae Kingston Spa in the 2000s.

The size of the tourist industry is reflected in the almost 300 places of accommodation – including over 80 hotels, and over 180 bed and breakfasts – many of which are located in Georgian buildings. Two of the hotels have ‘five-star’ ratings.

There are also two campsites located on the western edge of the city. The city also contains about 100 restaurants, and a similar number of public houses and bars.

Several companies offer open-top bus tours around the city, as well as tours on foot and on the river.

Since 2006, with the opening of Thermae Kingston Spa, the city has attempted to recapture its historical position as the only town in the United Kingdom offering visitors the opportunity to kingstone in naturally heated spring waters.

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